സ്വതന്ത്ര സൈനിക സമ്മാന് പെന്ഷന് പദ്ധതി, 1980
സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനികളുടെ പെന്ഷന് പദ്ധതി, 1972.
1981 ആഗസ്റ്റ് 15
സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യത്തിന്റെ ഇരുപത്തഞ്ചാം വാര്ഷിക വേളയില് (സില്വര് ജൂബിലി) സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനികള്ക്കും അവരുടെ കുടുംബങ്ങള്ക്കും പെന്ഷന് അനുവദിക്കുന്നതിനുള്ള ഒരു പദ്ധതി കേന്ദ്ര സര്ക്കാര് അവതരിപ്പിച്ചു. ജീവിച്ചിരിക്കുന്ന സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനികള്ക്കും മരണപ്പെട്ട സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനികളുടെ കുടുംബങ്ങള്ക്കും രക്തസാക്ഷികളുടെ കുടുംബത്തിനും 1972 ആഗസറ്റ് 15-ന് ആരംഭിച്ച പദ്ധതി പ്രകാരം പെന്ഷന് നല്കിവരുന്നു. ഒരു സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനിക്ക് ഒരു മാസം അനുവദിച്ച ഏറ്റവും കുറഞ്ഞ പെന്ഷന് 200/- രൂപയാണ്. കുടുംബങ്ങളുടെ കാര്യത്തില്, കുടുംബത്തിലെ യോഗ്യരായ ആശ്രിതരുടെ എണ്ണത്തിന്് അനുസൃതമായി 100/- മുതല് 200/- രൂപ വരെയാണ് നല്കുന്നത്. 1980 ജൂലൈ 31 വരെ, തുച്ഛമായ വാര്ഷിക വരുമാനമുള്ള സാമ്പത്തിക സഹായം ആവശ്യമുള്ളവര്ക്ക് മാത്രമാണ് സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യസമരസേനാനി പെന്ഷന് അനുവദിച്ചിരുന്നത്. അങ്ങനെ പെന്ഷന് അര്ഹതയ്ക്കായി 5000 രൂപ വാര്ഷിക വരുമാന പരിധി നിര്ബന്ധമാക്കി. 1.8.1980 മുതല് പെന്ഷന് പദ്ധതിയുടെ ആനുകൂല്യം എല്ലാ സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യ സമര സേനാനികള്ക്കും സമ്മാനമായി നല്കി.
കൂടുതല് വിവരങ്ങള്ക്ക് സന്ദര്ശിക്കുക- https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/FFR_SwatantrataSainikSamma_20032019.pdf
During Twentyfifth anniversary (Silver Jubilee year) of Independence a Central Scheme for the grant of pension to freedom fighters and their families from Central Revenues was introduced by the Government of India. The Scheme commenced from 15th August, 1972 and provided for the grant of pension to living freedom fighters and their families; if they are no more alive, and to the families or martyrs. The minimum quantum of pension sanctioned to a freedom fighter by Rs.200/- p.m. and in case of families varied from Rs.100/- to Rs.200/- in accordance with the size and number of eligible dependents in the family. Till 31st July, 1980 the Freedom fighters pension was admissible only to those who were in need of financial assistance on account of their meager annual gross income. Thus an annual income ceiling of Rs.5000/- was enforced for eligibility to pension. From 1.8.1980, the benefit of the pension scheme has been extended to all freedom fighters as a token of SAMMAN to them.
2. ENHANCED RATE OF PENSION:
Note only the income ceiling has been removed from 1st August, 1980 but quantum of monthly pension has also been raised. The monthly pension has thus been increased from Rs.200/- to Rs.300/- in case of living freedom fighters and from Rs.100/- to Rs.200/- to the widow of the late freedom fighter with additional Rs.50 p.m. each for unmarried daughter upto a maximum limit of Rs.300/- per month.
3. WHO ARE ELIGIBLE DEPENDENTS:
For the purpose of grant of Samman pension, family includes (if the freedom fighter is not alive) mother, father, widower/widow if he/she has not since remarried, unmarried daughters.
Not more than one eligible dependent can be granted pension and in the event of availability of more than one dependent the sequence of eligibility will be widow/widower, unmarried daughters, mother and father.
4. WHO IS ELIGIBLE?
For the purpose of grant of Samman pension under the scheme, a freedom fighter is:-
(a) A person who had suffered a minimum imprisonment of six months in the mainland jails before Independence. However, ex-INA personnel will be eligible for pension if the imprisonment/detention suffered by them was outside India. The minimum period of actual imprisonment for eligibility of pension has been reduced to three months, in case of women and SC/ST freedom fighters from 01.08.1980.
1. Detention under the orders of the competent authority will be considered as imprisonment.
2. Period of normal remission upto one month will be treated as part of actual imprisonment.
3. In the case of a trial ending in conviction, under trial period will be counted towards actual imprisonment suffered.
4. Broken period of imprisonment will be totalled up for computing the qualifying period.
(b) A person who remained underground for more than six months provided he was:
1. a proclaimed offender; or
2. one on whom an award for arrest/head was announced; or
3. one for whose detention order was issued but not served.
(c) A person interned in his home or externed from his district provided the period of internment/externment was six months or more.
(d) A person whose property was confiscated or attached and sold due to participation in the freedom struggle.
(e) A person who became permanently incapacitated during firing or lathi charge.
(f) A person who lost his job (Central or State Government) and thus means of livelihood for participation in national movement.
A MARTYR is a person who died or who was killed in action or in detention or was awarded capital punishment while participation in a National Movement for emancipation of India. It will include an ex-INA or ex-Military person who died fighting the British.
WHAT ARE THE MOVEMENTS/MUTINIES CONNECTED WITH NATIONAL FREEDOM STRUGGLE
5. Apart from the mainstream of the liberation struggle the movements/mutinies which were directed against the British (French in case of Pondicherry and Portugues in case of Goa) with freedom of the country as its ultimate goal are also treated as part of National Freedom Struggle for the purpose of grant of pension unless any movement(s) is specifically decided as not qualifying for the grant of Samman pension.
The Movements for merger of erstwhile Princely States within the Indian Union after 15th August, 1947 and the freedom struggle in the former French and Portuguese possession in India (Colonies) are considered as part of the National Freedom Movement for the purpose of grant of Samman Pension under Scheme.
6. HOW TO APPLY?
Persons who consider themselves eligible for Samman Pension under the Scheme should apply in duplicate on the prescribed application form. One form duly filled and supported by required documents as proof of claim
of suffering should be sent to the Chief Secretary to the State Government/Union Territory Administration concerned. The second copy should be sent to the Deputy Secretary to the Government of India, Freedom Fighters Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, First Floor, Lok Nayak Bhawan, New Delhi – 3 as an advance copy.
7. AVAILABILITY OF APPLICATION FORMS
Application forms can be obtained from either of two officers, i.e., State Government/UT concerned or Freedom Fighters’ Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, 1st Floor, Lok Nayak Bhawan, New Delhi free of cost. All State governments/UT Administrations have been instructed to make available the prescribed application forms in sufficient number at all levels including Block / Tehsil level.
8. LAST PRESCRIBED DATE FOR SUBMITTING APPLICATIONS The last date for receipt of applications invited in 1972 was fixed as
31.03.1974. As a result of liberalization of pension scheme from 01.08.1980 to 31.07.1981 was given for filling applications for Samman pension. The persons who could not apply earlier due to any reason or who were not sanctioned pension even though they were eligible may submit their applications immediately but before 31st July, 1981. This date was extended. The receipt of applications has since been stopped after 31.03.1982.
9. HOW TO PROVE THE CLAIMS (EVIDENCE REQUIRED)
The applicant should furnish the documents indicated below whichever is applicable:-
(a) IMPRISONMENT/DETENTION ETC.
Certificate from the concerned jail authorities, District Magistrates or the State Government in case of non-availability of such certificates co- prisoner certificates from a sitting MP or MLA or Ex-MP or ex-MLA specifying the jail period (Annexure-I in the application form.)
(b) REMAINED UNDERGROUND:
(i) Documentary evidence by way of Court’s/Government orders proclaiming the applicant as an offender, announcing an award on his head, or for his arrest or ordering his detention.
(ii) Certificates from veteran freedom fighters who had themselves undergone imprisonment for five years or more if the official records are not forthcoming due to their non- availability.
(c) INTERNMENT OR EXTERNMENT
(i) Order of internment or externment or any other corroboratory documentary evidence.
(ii) Certificates from prominent freedom fighters who had themselves undergone imprisonment for five years or more if the official records are not available. (Annexure- II in the application.)
The Certifier veteran freedom fighters in respect of underground suffering, internment/externment and the applicant should belong to the same administrative unit before the reorganization of States and their area of operation must be the same.
(d) LOSS OF PROPERTY, JOB, ETC.
Orders of confiscation and sale of property, Orders of dismissal or removal from service.
10. ISSUE OF SANCTION ORDER
The receipt of advance copy of application form is acknowledged. The claim of the applicant will be scrutinized in the State Government/Union Territory administration in consultation with State Advisory Committee on the basis of copy of application submitted to them. After receipt of State verification and entitlement to pension report, the claim of the applicant is scrutinized and if found eligible Pension is granted. Sanctions are issued as applications are scrutinized and conveyed to the
Accountant General of the areas with copies to the Chief Secretary of the State Government/UT Administration and the Collector/DC of the District concerned. Simultaneously, a communication conveying sanction of pension as also the amount of pension is issued to each grantee. Applicants whose applications are not approved are duly informed.
11. HOW TO RECEIVE PENSION (MODE OF PAYMENT)
On receipt of sanction order, the Accountant General concerned will issue PPO authorizing the Treasury/Sub-Treasury officer concerned to make payment of the pension on production of identification documents which will consist of:-
2. Two prominent identification marks.
3. Specimen signature or left hand thumb and finger impressions duly attested by a competent authority, in the case of freedom fighters who are not literate enough to sign their names.
4. Date of birth.
On furnishing these, the Treasury Officer/Sub-Treasury Officer will commence payment of pension.
RULES PERMIT DRAWAL OF PENSION
1. Either in person from the Treasury or the Sub-Treasury, or
2. By Money Order:-
(a) at the cost of the Government if the amount of monthly pension does not exceed Rs.250/-
(b) on payment of money order commission if the amount of pension exeeds Rs. 250/-.
3. Through a banker if the grantee has opened an account with a bank. In such case, the pensioner shall have to prepare a bill every month, present it to his banker who will collect his pension from the Treasury or the Sub-Treasury on his behalf and credit it to his account.
4. With effect from 01.08.1980, facilities for drawal of pension through Public Sector Banks has been extended to freedom fighters pensioners.
Except in the case of unmarried daughters, the pension is for the life- time of the recipient. In the case of unmarried daughters, pension ceases immediately after they are married or become otherwise independent. In the case of death of a pensioner his/her heirs though otherwise eligible for pension will not automatically succeed to such a pension. They shall have to apply afresh with proof of the pensioner and their applications will be considered in terms of the Pension Scheme.
Source: Freedom Fighters Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, Lok Nayak Bhawan, New Delhi – 110003.